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非官方 Kubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron 無畏的蒼鷺) 初學者入門

Kubuntu 8.04 (codenamed Hardy Heron) was released on April 24, 2008. Screenshots are available from LinuxQuestions Kubuntu Screenshots.

Please help test and perfect this guide.

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See Default Applications for a text listing of KDE and other applications included in the current release.

You can download Kubuntu from the official Kubuntu downloads page.

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If you have any questions about the wiki, send us an e-mail to kubuntuguide -at- kubuntuguide.info

關於 Hardy

  • On April 24, 2008 Kubuntu 8.04 was released.
  • It was code named Hardy Heron and is the successor to Kubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon (Gutsy+1 or the very next release after Gutsy)

如何找出您正使用的是何版本的 Kubuntu

In Konsole type:

lsb_release -a

較新的 Ubuntu 版本

  • Kubuntu has a six month release cycle, with releases in April and October
  • Hardy Heron is an LTS (Long Term Support) release. It will be supported with security updates for five years for the server and three years for the desktop.

較舊的 Ubuntu 版本


1. Kubuntuguide 是非官方的,並且和 Canonical Ltd 無關。

2. Text inside the grey dotted box like this should be put into a Konsole Terminal (K > System > Konsole).

3. 'sudo' elevates Administrator level rights (i.e. when installing programs or making changes to the system). Example

sudo bash

4. 'kdesudo' should be used instead of 'sudo' when opening a Graphical Application through the "Run Command" dialog box. Example:

kdesudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

5. "man" command can be used to find help manual for a command. E.g. "man sudo" will display the manual page for the "sudo" command. Example:

man sudo

6. While "apt-get" and "aptitude" are faster ways of installing programs, you may also consider the Adept Package Manager (K > System > Adept Manager), a GUI method for installing programs.

7. "K" means the bottom-left button, akin to the Start button in Microsoft Windows®.

8. If you are using 64-bit version, replace any "i386" with "amd64"

安裝 Kubuntu

Fresh 安裝

將 Gutsy 升級至 Hardy

If you are using an older version of Kubuntu, you should consider upgrading to Hardy.

You can only directly upgrade to Kubuntu 8.04 (Hardy Heron) from Kubuntu 7.10 (Gutsy Gibbon).

Here are instructions on upgrading from Gutsy Gibbon 7.10 to Hardy Heron 8.04:

1. Open the Adept Manager by going to KMenu -> System -> Adept Manager (Manage Packages)

2. In Adept, go to Adept -> Manage Repositories

3. Enable the "Recommended updates" and "Pre-released updates" repository, close and reload

4. If your system is up to date, the upgrade wizard will be offered after you click "Fetch Updates" via the "Version Upgrade" button, else..

        1. Press the Full Upgrade button
        2. Press the Apply Changes button
        3. Once the packages are installed, exit the Adept Manager (Adept -> Quit)
        4. Repeat the initial steps (1 - 3)

If you have a version older than Gutsy (7.10) then you must do serial upgrades. For example, if you are still using Feisty, you must upgrade from Feisty to Gutsy, and then from Gutsy to Hardy.

Kubuntu 相關資源

KDE 賞心悅目 (Eye-Candy) 資源

Kubuntu 螢幕抓圖和 Screencasts


  • KDE Apps
  • GetDeb - Features the latest versions of software from the official repository and software not available in the official repository in easy to install .deb files(see Apt and Package Basics).

其他的 *buntu 入門手冊

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