Kubuntu Quantal Introduction
Revision as of 14:34, 10 July 2012 by Perspectoff
- This is the original Kubuntuguide. You are free to copy this guide but not to sell it or any derivative of it. This Kubuntu help guide is neither sold nor distributed in any other medium. Beware of copies that are for sale or are similarly named; they are neither endorsed nor sanctioned by this guide. Kubuntuguide is not associated with Blue Systems (the current sponsor of Kubuntu), Canonical Ltd., or any commercial enterprise.
- Kubuntu allows a user to accomplish tasks from either a menu-driven Graphical User Interface (GUI) or from a text-based command-line interface (CLI). In Kubuntu, the command-line-interface terminal is called Konsole, which is started: K menu -> System -> Konsole Terminal.
In this guide, text inside the grey dotted box like this should be put into a Konsole terminal.
- Many changes to the operating system can only be done by a User with Administrative privileges. "kdesudo" or "sudo" elevates a User's privileges to the Administrator level temporarily (i.e. when installing programs or making changes to the system). Example:
- "kdesudo" should be used instead of "sudo" when opening a Graphical Application (such as the graphical text-editor application kate), which can be done from the command-line terminal, through the "Run Command" dialog box, or as part of the command for starting an application from a menu item. Historically "kdesudo" preserved permissions within the Xwindows environment better (and "sudo" sometimes made undesirable permission changes). While this behaviour does not seem to occur very often any longer, "kdesudo" has always been regarded as safer to use. ("kdesu" was also previously available as well but has now been phased out.) Example:
kdesudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list
- Many file management tasks can be accomplished with root Administrative privileges by starting the Dolphin file manager in a similar fashion. (This can be used as a menu item.)
- "man" command can be used to find help manual for a specific command. E.g. "man sudo" will display the manual page for the "sudo" command. Example:
- While "apt-get" is a fast way of installing programs/packages, you can also use the Muon Package Manager (or even the Synaptic Package Manager), a GUI method for installing programs/packages. Most (but not all) programs/packages available with apt-get install will also be available from Muon Package Manager (or Synaptic Package Manager). In this guide, when you see
sudo apt-get install package
- you can search for package in Muon Package Manger (or Synaptic) and install it that way.
- Many instructions use the text editor "nano" (which is universally available in Linux). However, it is often easier to use the text editor "kate" in Kubuntu instead.
- "K" or "K menu" means the bottom-left (or upper-left) button, akin to the Start button in Microsoft Windows®.
- If you are using the 64-bit version, replace any "i386" with "amd64".
How to determine which version of Kubuntu you're using
In Konsole type:
How to find out the version of your Kernel
Newer Versions of Kubuntu
- Kubuntu has a six month release cycle, with releases in April and October.
Older Versions of Kubuntu
- Precise Pangolin (12.04 LTS) (Long Term Support version supported until April 2017)
- Lucid Lynx (10.04 LTS) (Server support (only) until April 2015)
- Oneiric Ocelot (11.10) (no longer supported)
- Natty Narwhal (11.04) (no longer supported)
- Maverick Meerkat (10.10) (no longer supported)
- Karmic Koala (9.10) (no longer supported)
- Hardy Heron (8.04 LTS) (no longer supported)
- Dapper Drake (6.06 LTS) (no longer supported)
- See this complete list of older and newer versions.
- Kubuntu Forums has a large community for online solutions and help specific to Kubuntu.
- Ubuntu Forums has a large community for online solutions (for both Ubuntu and Kubuntu).
Kubuntu uses the KDE user interface.
- KDE Project team site and KDE Documentation
- KDE Forums is the place to get detailed solutions for problems with the KDE desktop used in Kubuntu.
Kubuntu Screenshots and Screencasts
New Applications Resources
- KDE Apps
- GetDeb - Features the latest versions of software available from the official repositories as well as software not available in the official repositories. Available in easy-to-install .deb files (see Apt and Package Basics).
- Linux Alternatives
- LinuxLink provides "best in category" lists for Linux apps
- Ubuntuguide's list of add-on applications.
Other *buntu guides and help manuals
- Ubuntuguide -- Ubuntu uses the Unity (or, alternatively, the Gnome) desktop.
- Lubuntu -- Lubuntu can run with as little as 256 Mb RAM. It is better for older machines with limited resources.
- Edubuntu -- Edubuntu is a collection of software bundles optimized for use in educational environments. LTSP (thin client terminal server support) and many networking tools are bundled. A version for use with KDE (Kubuntu) is available.
- SkoleLinux / DebianEdu -- a collection of (open-source) educational tools for Debian/Ubuntu Linux
- Ubuntu Doctors Guild -- a collection of tips for using (K)Ubuntu Linux in health care environments
- official Ubuntu Server Guide -- a good starting reference for server packages