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(DosBox (DOS emulator))

Current revision as of 18:43, 20 January 2013


Kubuntu Addon Applications

Commercial Applications

Commercial Applications require a license which can be obtained from the relevant vendor either at a cost or free of charge (such as VMWare server).




sudo aptitude update 
sudo aptitude install virtualbox

Accept the license: navigate to OK by using the Tab key and press Enter. Use right arrow key to highlight Yes and press Enter.

Add user to it:

sudo usermod -G vboxusers -a user

replace "user" with your username.

Restart KDE using CTRL+ALT+BACKSPACE and re-login. Navigate to VirtualBox by K > System > innotek VirtualBox Virtual Machine

For more help on creating and managing visit ubuntugeek

Transgaming Cedega

Cedega is a commercial application (similar to Wine), for installing and running some Windows applications. Cedega is designed specifically for games, contains 3D support, software acceleration support, and a high level of DirectX support. It is available at http://www.cedega.com or through the main site for TransGaming at http://www.transgaming.com. Installation instructions are found there.

Edutainment Applications

Edutainment Applications make learning easier and faster.

Genealogy Trees (Gramps)

sudo apt-get install gramps

run by typing in:


Google Earth (World Map Utility and Flight Simulator)


sudo apt-get install googleearth

To install the latest Linux binary, download and save the GoogleEarthLinux.bin package from Google Earth downloads. Then install:

chmod +x GoogleEarthLinux.bin

KDE Edutainment Suite

This is a collection of edutainment software from the official KDE release. Package: kdeedu

sudo apt-get install kdeedu

KDE Toys (Collection of toys and passtimes)

sudo apt-get install kdetoys

Mnemosyne (free flash-card tool)

Mnemosyne is a sophisticated free flash-card tool which optimizes your learning process. To install the latest version in the repositories run the following command

sudo apt-get install mnemosyne

Bibletime (Bible)

Bibletime is a Bible study tool for KDE. It ships with the King James Bible with Strong's Numbers. Although, it has many extra bible versions, books, dictionaries and commentaries, in many languages, available for download from it's built in library.

sudo apt-get install bibletime

Zekr (Quran)

Zekr is an Islamic Quran Software. It has translations in many languages from authentic authors.

sudo apt-get install zekr

Proprietary Applications

Proprietary software helps you maximize your Internet experience, but is not open source. The software available includes Multimedia Codecs, Java Runtime Environment, and plug-ins for Firefox and Konqueror.

Restricted Extras

The Kubuntu Restricted Extras will install Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) with Firefox and Konqueror plug-ins (icedtea), a set of Microsoft Fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra multimedia codecs for K3b, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread3, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), and the unrar archiver. This is a single command approach.

sudo apt-get install kubuntu-restricted-extras

You could also use Ubuntu Restricted Extras, but it installs plugins for the Gstreamer platform (the default in Gnome) and does not install the K3b codecs, so it is not recommended.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Eye Candy Applications

Eye Candy Applications refer to the decoration of the Interface. These can be added on icons, themes, wallpapers etc. As well as the 3D effects that are available with the use Compiz Fusion.

Compiz Fusion

sudo apt-get install compiz-core compiz-fusion-plugins-extra compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-plugins libcompizconfig0 compiz-kde compiz-plugins compizconfig-backend-kconfig compizconfig-settings-manager kicker-compiz kicker-taskbar-compiz

Before starting Compiz you will have to make some changes so that the Desktop Preview & Pager and the Taskbar behave correctly. Open Kcontrol(alt+f2 then type in 'kcontrol') and navigate to Desktop >> Multiple Desktops and change the number of desktops to 1. Close Kcontrol and remove the Desktop Preview & Pager and the Taskbar from the panel. Right click on the panel and select 'Add Applet To Panel'. Add 'Desktop Preview & Pager - Compiz' and 'Taksbar - Compiz' to replace the old ones.

Note: in KDE 4.1 there is a Plasma that replaces Kicker so there is no way how you can install those applets. In this case the installation command will be as follows:

sudo apt-get install compiz-core compiz-fusion-plugins-extra compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-plugins libcompizconfig0 compiz-kde compiz-plugins compizconfig-backend-kconfig compizconfig-settings-manager

Note: if the Compiz Settings Manager you do not see any icons then you might want to install librsvg2-common which fixes this bug

sudo apt-get install librsvg2-common

To start Compiz

compiz --replace

Fusion Icon

Fusion Icon is a tray icon that allows you to easily switch between window managers, window decorators, and quick access to the settings manager

sudo apt-get install fusion-icon


Emerald is an alternative window decorator that provides more features and integration with Compiz.

sudo apt-get install emerald

To start Emerald

emerald --replace

Kicker-Applets (Extra Applets for the Panels) in KDE3

sudo apt-get install kicker-applets

Use by right clicking a panel > Add Applet To Panel

Note: This will not work for KDE4 as there is Plasma which replaces Kicker

Google Desktop

Download .deb file from Google Desktop Download Website

Browse to the file location:

cd <location>


cd /home/username/Desktop

Install by running:

sudo dpkg -i google-desktop-linux_current_i386.deb

Kicker-Kickoff (Suse Style K Menu)

The original Kicker-Kickoff program was first made available at kde-apps.org by Ruffinius. Currently he supports KickerQT but due to dependency problems many cannot install this more updated version on any Kubuntu release. Kicker-Kickoff has since been removed from kde-apps.org. Fortunately Technoshaun (The contributor of this piece) makes Kicker-Kickoff 1 a part of all his KDE theme packages at kde-look.org. If you download any of the KDE theme packages he has made available and unpack the tarball inside is a folder labled kicker_kickoff_1 with kicker-kickoff_1_i386.deb inside. Here is a cut from his readme file on istalling Kicker Kickoff:

Kicker_Kickoff_1 is the original Kubuntu kickoff package from Ruffinius. It is included for those who cannot install KickerQT due to conflicts or other issues. Though not as pretty it does work. It will also work on Mepis (except Mepis 7.0) and other Debian/Kubuntu based distros running KDE 3.5.5 through 3.5.8, provided dependencies can be met.

In the "kicker_Kickoff_1" folder use the command "sudo dpkg -i kicker-kickoff_1_i386.deb" (or other appropriate install method) then use the command "sudo dcop kicker kicker restart" to start the kickoff menu interface.

SuperKaramba Desktop Widgets / Gadgets

If you are using KDE 3

sudo apt-get install superkaramba

If you are using KDE 4

sudo apt-get install superkaramba-kde4

Webilder (Automatic Flickr/Webshots Wallpaper Changer)

Yakuake drop down Konsole

sudo apt-get install yakuake

Enable it by going to K > System > Yakuake

Use it by pressing F12

Hotwire Graphical Terminal

Download .deb package from here:


Browse to the correct directory downloaded to:

cd <file location>

Install by:

sudo dpkg -i hotwire_0.599-1~getdeb1_all.deb

Run by going to K -> System -> Hotwire Shell - Command prompt


deKorator is a window decoration engine for KDE. You can easily install lost of themes with this engine.

Install deKorator for KDE 4

Download source code from http://kde-look.org/content/show.php/deKorator?content=87921 and follow the instructions to compile and install deKorator.

Games Applications

There are hundreds of games available under Linux. The following is a selected list of the best games.


KDE Games

A collection of games from the official KDE release is available from the Ubuntu repositories.
Package: kdegames

sudo apt-get install kdegames


These are the games included with the GNOME desktop enviroment. They will also run on KDE.
Package: gnome-games

sudo apt-get install gnome-games


Alien Arena

Multi-player first person shooter

sudo apt-get install alien-arena

Nexuiz 2.3

Nexuiz 2.3 is a multi-player first person shooter based on the Darkplaces engine, which is an advanced Quake1 engine.

sudo apt-get install nexuiz

There is a map pack available from http://sourceforge.net/project/downloading.php?groupname=nexuiz&filename=nexmappack_r2.zip&use_mirror=superb-west that features 35 new maps. To install extract the map pack to /home/username/.nexuiz/data

Open Arena

Multi-player first person shooter.

sudo apt-get install openarena

Tremulous - a halo like multiplayer only game.

sudo apt-get install tremulous 

UrbanTerror 4.0

  • UrbanTerror 4.0 is a Multi-player First Person Shooter. The Game uses the open source quake 3 engine and features many real weapons and free to use servers for multi-player functionality.

More information can be found at UrbanTerror

  • After downloading the script open Terminal into your download directory then make the script executable with the following command:
sudo chmod +x urt40-linux-installer.sh
  • Now double click on the script to execute and follow the directions
  • The install will take awhile as the script executes a download of the necessary files which are about 541MB
  • After the install you will have a nice UrbanTerror icon on your desktop (unless you installed as root)

This easy install script is courtesy of Nexu from the UrbanTerror Forums.

PrBoom - the classic Doom2 game

sudo apt-get install prboom timidity timidity-interfaces-extra



Similar to Bust-a-Move, this gave has the player launching bubbles to match colors.
Package: frozen-bubble

sudo apt-get install frozen-bubble

Penguin Racer

Fast (well, if you have a 3D accelerator card) and addicting race game.
Package: planetpenguin-racer

sudo apt-get install planetpenguin-racer planetpenguin-racer-extras

Board Games


Classic Mahjongg game
Package: kmahjongg

sudo apt-get install kmahjongg


Play chess against computer
Package: pouetchess

sudo apt-get install pouetchess pouetchess-data


Super Nintendo Emulator (ZSNES) 1.510 for i386/AMD64

For support or questions see http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=588744

  • Add a 3rd Party Repository
echo "deb http://packages.dfreer.org gutsy main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
wget http://packages.dfreer.org/7572013D.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
  • Install using one of the lines below
sudo apt-get install zsnes32 #for amd64 users
sudo apt-get install zsnes   #for everyone else
  • K -> Games -> zsnes or zsnes32

Playstation Emulator (pSX) 1.13 for i386/AMD64

For support or questions see http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=394097

  • Add a 3rd Party Repository
echo "deb http://packages.dfreer.org gutsy main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
wget http://packages.dfreer.org/7572013D.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
  • Install using one of the lines below
sudo apt-get install psx32 #for amd64 users
sudo apt-get install psx   #for everyone else
  • K -> Games -> pSX or pSX32

DosBox (DOS emulator)

  • DosBox is a DOS emulator that enables older DOS programs (and games) to be run. Install:
sudo apt-get install dosbox
  • Tweak the DosBox settings if necessary. For more info, read the DosBox instructions (man dosbox in a command-line terminal).




Pingus is a lemmings clone that uses penguins instead of lemmings. It also comes with a level builder.

sudo apt-get install pingus

Graphics Manipulation Applications

Graphics Manipulation Applications allow you to edit your favourite photos or create stunning 3D drawings.]

CinePaint (Graphics and Video Editor)

sudo apt-get install cinepaint

KdenLive (Non-linear Video Editing Suite for KDE)

sudo apt-get install kdenlive

Kino (Non-linear Video Editing Suite)

sudo apt-get install kino

Cinelerra (Non-linear Video Editing Suite)

Cinelerra Community Version is a complete high-end open source video editing suite that is a derivative of a similar commercial system. Follow the installation instructions for Ubuntu Hardy.

Dia (Diagram editor)

sudo apt-get install dia

GIMP Image Manipulator

sudo apt-get install gimp

There is an extra set of brushes, palettes, and gradients for The GIMP.

sudo apt-get install gimp-data-extras

Inkscape Vector Illustrator

sudo apt-get install inkscape

KSnapshot (Screen Capture)

KSnapshot is the default screen capture program included with Kubuntu. Run:

K menu -> Graphics -> KSnapshot Screen Capture program

Istanbul (Desktop Session Recording)

sudo apt-get install istanbul

recordMyDesktop (Desktop Session Recording)

sudo apt-get install recordmydesktop

Kivio (Flow Chart Creation)

sudo apt-get install kivio

Digikam (Photo Organizer, Photo Management and Editor)

Digikam is a comprehensive digital asset managment (DAM) tool and photoeditor.

sudo apt-get install digikam kipi-plugins digikam-doc

Picasa Photo Organiser

Download from Google website (proprietary program):

Picasa Download

Browse to the file location:

cd <location>


cd /home/username/Desktop

Install by running:

sudo dpkg -i picasa_2.2.2820-5_i386.deb

Wink (Desktop Session Recording)

sudo apt-get install wink

Camorama (Web Cam)

sudo apt-get install camorama

Internet Applications

Internet applications enable you to make full use of your Internet connection. You can get hold of Web Browsers, Email Clients, Instant Messengers and many more applications here.

Filesharing / P2P

Do not share copyrighted material or content that is otherwise illegal to share.


This application is included with Kubuntu.

Azureus (BitTorrent Client)

sudo apt-get install azureus

QTorrent (PyQT-based Bitorrent Client, suppose to be very fast)

sudo apt-get install qtorrent

Transmission (BitTorrent Client)

sudo apt-get install transmission

Apollon (P2P Filesharing)

sudo apt-get install apollon gift libfasttrack-gift

MLDonkey (P2P eMule/eDonkey2000 Client)

sudo apt-get install kmldonkey


PGP (Message Encryption)

PGP (OpenPGP and GnuPGP) is a tool to encrypt your messages (such as email) to be unlocked only by someone who has a key to unlock it.


KGpg is the GUI for KDE to manage the key pairs and other options of GnuPGP.

Tor (Network Privacy)

Tor is a project to allow privacy while using the Internet and limit usage tracking. TorK is the KDE interface. privoxy is the proxy module. See these installation tips. Install:

sudo apt-get install tork tor privoxy

then see the installation guide.

  • Whenever I started TorK (or stopped it and later started it again), I had to manually kill any running privoxy and tor processes first, otherwise I would get various error messages.
sudo killall privoxy
sudo killall tor

Torbutton allows you to choose whether to use Firefox through the Tor anonymizing network or not. Install:

sudo apt-get install torbutton-extension

You can also install this as an add-on from within Firefox, which allows Firefox to update it automatically.

Firefox -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> Browse all Add-ons -> Torbutton

Email Clients


This default email application is included with Kubuntu. Access it by clicking on the Kontact icon on your panel.

PGP and Kmail

PGP-encrypted messages can be emailed using Kmail. See this tutorial.

Kmail -> Configure Kmail -> Security -> Crypto Backends


This is the Gnome email client. Installing it will install several Gnome packages.

sudo apt-get install evolution


Mozilla Thunderbird is a licensed and trademarked free open-source email client that is compatible with Firefox. Install:

sudo apt-get install mozilla-thunderbird

Enigmail is an add-on to Thunderbird that allows you to easily encrypt your email using OpenPGP, which is included in the kernel by default. It also allows you to create and manage the encryption keys. Go the website and click "Download Now". Install:

Thunderbird -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Install -> select downloaded file
New Mail Icon for Thunderbird

"New Mail Icon" is an experimental tray add-on which notifes you of new mail. Download from the website. Install:

Thunderbird -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Install -> select downloaded file

Instant Messengers


This application is included with Kubuntu. You can access it by going to K Menu --> Applications --> Internet --> Instant Messenger (Kopete). You can access multiple services with it.


Pidgin is an open source IM application. It is the default in the Ubuntu (Gnome) desktop, but will work in Kubuntu (KDE). You can access multiple services with it.

sudo apt-get install pidgin


sudo apt-get install amsn

To enable Drag-and-Drop capabilities to aMSN for easy file transfer follow this link:

Ubuntu Geek


Emesene is a MSN messenger client. You can download the latest .deb version from http://apt.emesene.org/ . To install open the Konsole and cd into the directory where you saved it. Now enter:

sudo dpkg -i emesene_version-no.deb


Kmess is a MSN messenger client aimed at integration with KDE.

sudo apt-get install kmess

FTP Clients

Although Konqueror can use FTP via kioslaves, you might wish to ue a dedicated FTP client.


sudo apt-get install filezilla

FireFTP for Firefox

Install FireFTP as an extension within Mozilla Firefox. Visit the FireFTP Homepage.



This application is included with Kubuntu.


Following instructions to install RSSOwl do only work with version 1_2_3 of RSSOwl.

This application is a in Java written RSS | RDF | Atom Newsfeed Reader.

In order to use the internal browser, install first the packages xulrunner and firefox , either via Adept Manager or by typing this command into Konsole:

sudo apt-get install firefox xulrunner

Change to your "opt" directory by typing this command into Konsole:

cd /opt

Download the tar.gz-archive into your opt directory by typing this command into Konsole:

sudo wget http://belnet.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/rssowl/rssowl_1_2_3_linux_bin.tar.gz

Extract the archive and remove the extracted file by typing this command into Konsole:

sudo tar zxvf ./rssowl_1_2_3_linux_bin.tar.gz && sudo rm ./rssowl_1_2_3_linux_bin.tar.gz

Make a startscript by typing this command into Konsole:

sudo vim /usr/bin/runRSSOwl.sh

and add the following lines to your starter-script file /usr/bin/runRSSOwl.sh

    export MOZILLA_FIVE_HOME=/usr/lib/xulrunner
    cd /opt/rssowl_1_2_3_linux_bin

Make the startscript executable by typing this command into Konsole:

sudo chmod u+x /usr/bin/runRSSOwl.sh

Now you always can start RSSOwl by typing this command into Konsole:


After having started the application "RSSOwl":

Go to --> View and enable "View Newstext in Browser".

Then go to --> Tools --> Preferences... --> General and enable in misc-section "Open any news automatically in browser".

Go to --> Tools --> Preferences... --> Browser and enter the path to the executable (my path was /usr/lib/firefox/firefox). Finally enable “use external browser” at the bottom.



Formerly known as Gnomemeeting, Ekiga is a SIP compliant fully functional open source VOIP and videoconferencing program.

apt-get install ekiga


Skype is a proprietary VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga.

sudo apt-get install skype

Web Browsers


Konqueror is the default web and file browser included with Kubuntu.

Konqueror plug-ins
KGet (Download Manager) plug-in for Konqueror

KGet is a download manager for the Konqueror browser, but it can also work with Firefox as part of the FlashGot plugin.

sudo apt-get install kget

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Firefox is the ubiquitous web browser. Based on open source components, it is trademarked and cannot be altered or re-distributed with any change that involves the name or trademarks. Install the current version:

sudo apt-get install firefox
Firefox Plug-ins
Adblock plug-in (block ads in a web page)

Adblock Plus blocks ads that appear in web pages. You can subscribe to a free filter service, and can add ads to block with a single click.

sudo apt-get install mozilla-firefox-adblock
  • You can also add this extension from Firefox -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> Browse All Add-ons. (This method will also ensure that automatic updates are installed by Firefox.)
Noscript plug-in (controls scripts)

The Noscript plugin is considered one of the most important security measures for browsing the Internet. Most viruses and trojans gain access to computers from the Internet through scripts. This plugin allows you to choose which scripts to allow and blocks the rest.

sudo apt-get install mozilla-noscript
  • You can also add this extension from Firefox -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> Browse All Add-ons. (This method will also ensure that automatic updates are installed by Firefox.)
User Agent Switcher plug-in for Firefox

The User Agent Switcher plugin allows a browser to masquerade as another browser, allowing (most of the time) browser-specific content to be displayed.

  • You can add this extension from Firefox -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> Browse All Add-ons. (This method will also ensure that automatic updates are installed by Firefox.)
Video Download Helper plug-in for Firefox

The Video Download Helper plugin allows the download of videos from sites like YouTube.

  • You can add this extension from Firefox -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> Browse All Add-ons. (This method will also ensure that automatic updates are installed by Firefox.)
Unplug Download Management

The UnPlug add-on lets you save video and audio which is embedded on a webpage.

  • You can add this extension from Firefox -> Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> Browse All Add-ons. (This method will also ensure that automatic updates are installed by Firefox.)
Adobe Acrobat Reader for Firefox Plug-in
sudo apt-get install acroread mozilla-acroread acroread-plugins
Adobe Flash Player for Firefox Plug-in

To install the official Adobe Flash plugin (Flash 10) for Firefox:

sudo apt-get install adobe-flashplugin
Gnash Plug-in (Open source Flash Player replacement)

Gnash is available in a 64-bit version as well as a 32-bit version. It is the open source replacement for Adobe Flashplayer.

sudo apt-get install gnash

After installing, change your web browser's Preferences -> Applications so that SWF and SPL files use Gnash.

Java Runtime Environment (JRE) for Firefox plug-in

This package must be installed to run Java in Firefox, even if JRE is installed using kubuntu-restricted-extras or when installing OpenOffice.

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-jre

Note: You must accept the license to use this product.

Kaffeine Plug-in for Firefox

This package also installs the Kaffeine player.

sudo apt-get install kaffeine-mozilla
MPlayer plug-in for Firefox

This package also installs MPlayer.

sudo apt-get install mozilla-mplayer
VLC plug-in for Firefox

This package also installs the VLC player.

sudo apt-get install mozilla-plugin-vlc
Helix player plug-in for Firefox

This package also installs the Helix player, which is the open source player that plays Real Player content in Linux.

sudo apt-get install mozilla-helix-player
FireFTP for Firefox

FireFTP is a Firefox extension for FTP transfers.

Firefox Widgets


IceCat is Firefox distributed without the Mozilla trademark restrictions. It is endorsed by the Debian project (on which Kubuntu is based). It is formerly known as IceWeasel and is also known as IceApe Browser. Install the current version:

sudo apt-get install iceape-browser


SeaMonkey is an open-source integrated internet application suite (web browser, IM (IRC) client, Email client, RSS/News reader, and web development tools). It is based on the same components as the Mozilla products (Firefox, Thunderbird, etc.) and shares the same trademark and branding restrictions. There are many plugins, similar to those for Thunderbird and Firefox. Install the current version:

sudo apt-get install seamonkey


IceApe is an open-source integrated internet application suite (including web browser, IM (IRC) client, Email client, RSS/News reader, and web development tools). It is based on the same components as the Mozilla product SeaMonkey, but has no restrictive trademark licensing, and is endorsed by the Debian project (on which Kubuntu is based). Install the current version:

sudo apt-get install iceape


Opera is a proprietary browser and internet suite (currently free on PCs) also used in some mobile devices and gaming consoles. It includes email, an address book, IRC chat, integrated BitTorrent, and webfeeds. A limited number of plugins are also available.

sudo apt-get install opera

Download Managers


Package: kget

sudo apt-get install kget

KGet can be easily configured to work with Konqueror.

Download Manager (Downloader for X)

sudo apt-get install d4x

Multimedia Applications

Multimedia Applications enable you to make full use of your Linux system. There is a vast variety of Applications available for Multimedia under Linux, and most of them are very stable.

CDs and DVDs

K3b (CD/DVD burner)

K3b (KDE Burn Baby Burn) is the default KDE CD and DVD burning utility included in Kubuntu. This includes the ability to burn VideoDVD's. K3b is included by default in most Kubuntu installations. If not, install:

sudo apt-get install k3b
Install MP3 support for K3b

Due to licensing requirements, mp3 capabilities for K3b must be installed separately. (Note: this package is automatically installed as part of kubuntu-restricted-extras). Install the libk3b2-mp3 package:

sudo apt-get install libk3b3-extracodecs libk3b2-mp3

K9copy DVD-Ripper

sudo apt-get install k9copy

Ripper X CD Ripper/Encoder

sudo apt-get install ripperx

DVD Playback Capability

To play encrypted DVDs, the libdvdcss2 package is essential. libdvdcss is a simple library designed for accessing DVDs like a block device without having to bother about the decryption. Some more information about this package can be found at http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html.

sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

However this command may not work for you. In this case you can try the following script to automatically download and install libdvdcss2

sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread3/install-css.sh

Or you can use guidelines provided at https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Medibuntu

FFMPEG video / audio conversion

FFMPEG is the swiss-army knife of video and audio format conversion. It succeeds when no other program can. It is free and open source. If it not yet installed on your system as part of another package (it is used by many video/audio editors), then install it:

sudo apt-get install ffmpeg

To convert many different formats, read the FFMPEG documentation.

Example: To convert a saved Flash video (.flv) to an Mpeg-2 format playable on a DVD, convert:

ffmpeg -i samplevideo.flv -target ntsc-dvd samplevideo.mpg

Then use K3b to write the mpg file to a New DVD Data Project.

  • For PAL use -target pal-dvd. For widescreen, add the parameter -aspect 16:9 (but see these tips). For other conversion tips, see this forum. (Note: Most Flash video has very low resolution, with a screen size of 360x240, for example. You may see a slight diminishment in resolution if you wish to convert it to 720x480, which is the NTSC standard size. You can keep the original resolution by omitting the -target ntsc-dvd parameter.)


WinFF is a free, GPL-licensed open source GUI frontend for FFMPEG. See the website for installation instructions.

Audacity (Audio Editor and Recorder)

Audacity is the leading cross-platform free open source (GPL-licensed) audio recorder and editor. It can be used to record, splice, edit, and manipulate sound files similar to tools found in recording studios. Install:

sudo apt-get install audacity

Internet TV

Miro Player (formerly Democracy TV Player)

Democracy Player allows you to watch user-generated content via the Internet.

sudo apt-get install democracyplayer

Myth TV

See MythTV

Sopcast Internet TV

Sopcast is a live stream program. Here is how to install it:

Retrieve the package by running:

wget http://sopcast.fuerzw.de/download/1.1.0/sp-sc.tgz

Untar the package:

tar -xvf sp-sc.tgz

Move sopcast base application to /usr/bin/

sudo mv sp-sc/sp-sc /usr/bin/

Now you have two options to run the program:

Command Line:

sp-sc sop://broker.sopcast.com:3912/6098 3908 8908 > /dev/null &

replace sop://broker.sopcast.com:3912/6098 with the stream address given to you.

Open the Stream in Mplayer or VLC player

mplayer http://localhost:8908/tv.asf


vlc http://localhost:8908/tv.asf

GUI version:

Multimedia Players

Amarok is the default multimedia player in Kubuntu.

Banshee Music Player

sudo apt-get install banshee

Elisa Multimedia Player

Follow this guide to install

Exaile Music Manager and Player

sudo apt-get install exaile

Listen Music Manager and Player

MPlayer Multimedia Player

sudo apt-get install mplayer
Dump a video stream to disc

You can dump a video stream to disc using Mplayer:

mplayer -dumpstream streamurl

If you don't know the exact URL of the stream you wish to save, you can discover it from the webpage it is embedded in by using the Firefox add-on UnPlug. Do not save streams that are illegal to download.

RealPlayer 10 Multimedia Player

The Linux Realplayer is actually based on the open-source Helix player. Helix itself can be installed as a package easily (Read Helix plug-in) and use it instead of Realplayer. These instructions are to install the proprietary version of RealPlayer only.

Download Real Player official linux player

Open a terminal and cd to the directory you have downloaded realplayer's .bin file. Then issue the following commands

chmod +x RealPlayer10GOLD.bin
sudo ./RealPlayer10GOLD.bin

When it asks for installation path enter /usr/local/RealPlayer

For all other questions just choose default by pressing enter.

If you have installed mozilla-mplayer package you will need to delete the mplayer firefox plugin for real player videos. Other wise all real player files will open with mplayer. For that please do this

cd /usr/lib/firefox/plugins
sudo rm mplayerplug-in-rm.*

Please remember to restart firefox and when ever you click on a real player video choose the option open with and use /usr/bin/realplay

SMPlayer Multimedia Player

SMPlayer is a rich user-friendly-interface to the popular MPlayer

sudo apt-get install smplayer

Songbird Music Player

Follow the guide from psychocats.net. Songbird is still in development, you should only use it for testing purposes.

StreamTuner Stream Directory Browser

Xine-UI Multimedia Player

sudo apt-get install xine-ui

VLC Multimedia Player

VLC is a cross-platform multimedia player that supports many formats without need for additional codecs. It can not only receive video streams (also see here to convert it to mp4), but can act as a server for video streams, as well. It is one of the only players that can view and backup almost any DVD format, no matter which copy protection is used. See these tips for using VLC to backup/rip encrypted DVDs.

sudo apt-get install vlc

However if you want to install the latest version of this player you might want to do the following actions.

At first it is recommended to remove the previously installed version if any:

sudo apt-get remove vlc vlc-nox
sudo apt-get autoremove

Then add repositories and install debs

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/c-korn/ubuntu hardy main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/c-korn/ubuntu hardy main
sudo apt-get reload
sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-nox

XMMS Music Player

sudo apt-get install xmms

Multimedia Servers

MPD Multimedia Playing Server

Timidity++ MIDI Sound Server

Timidity adds Midi functionality.

sudo apt-get install timidity

Multimedia Encoders

KRec (Sound Recorder)

sudo apt-get install krec

SOX (encodes/decodes audio)

sudo apt-get install sox

Run by typing in:


Internet Radio

Last FM

sudo apt-get install lastfm

Home Automation / Home Theater / Home Security

Complete Systems

Linux MCE (Media Center Edition)

LinuxMCE is an integrated home theater/home security/home automation/telephone PBX/intercom system for your home. It incorporates MythTV, Pluto home automation, Motion security surveillance, Asterisk PBX, VDR video disk recorder, and other home automation/security/theater packages in an integrated platform. It is available in 32 and 64 bit versions. LinuxMCE can run either as a standalone Home Theater PC or can co-ordinate a fully networked home, using the networking capabilities that are intrinsically part of the Kubuntu Linux OS. For more info see the LinuxMCE website.

The most recent version runs on Kubuntu 7.10 (Gutsy). A version for Kubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid) is due out soon. LinuxMCE can be installed at the same time as the Kubuntu OS (on a new PC with an nVidia graphics card), with a single DVD installation. Alternatively, Kubuntu can be installed first and LinuxMCE then installed from a 2 CD installation.

PVR (Personal Video Recorder)


MythTV is a PVR (personal video recorder) for retrieving, recording, and playing broadcast and Internet TV and other multimedia content.

sudo apt-get install mythtv


Mythbuntu is an integrated Ubuntu (Xubuntu) desktop optimised for MythTV usage. In can be used instead of adding MythTV to a Kubuntu desktop.

Home Security

Zoneminder surveillance system

Zoneminder manages surveillance cameras and stores images on the hard disk. Images can be viewed using a (LAMP) server remotely. X10 devices can be triggered using built-in perl scripts. For more info see the Zoneminder website.

Installing the latest Zoneminder version
  • Minor tweaks are required to install the latest version of Zoneminder on Hardy. See the Zoneminder forums.
Using the repository package
  • There is a Zoneminder package for Hardy (that was the package from Gutsy). You should be able to install the package from Synaptic Package Manager.
Original Feisty installation instructions
  • However, if that does not work, try the original instructions that worked for Feisty:
  • You must have the LAMP server installed. In addition, you will need additional modules:
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg libarchive-tar-perl libarchive-zip-perl libdate-manip-perl libdevice-serialport-perl
sudo apt-get install libjpeg62 libmime-perl libstdc++6 libunwind7 libwww-perl zlib1g
  • Download the .deb package from the package manager's website:


  • Install using the Debian package manager. (No other method seems to work.)
dpkg -i zoneminder_1.22.3-8_i386.deb
  • (Note: If some dependencies are still unsatisfied, make sure you have these packages installed):
sudo apt-get install libc6 libc6.1 libgcc1 libgcc4 libstdc++6
(These should already be installed as part of the LAMP installation):
sudo apt-get install apache2-mpm-prefork libapache2-mod-php5 libmysqlclient15off mysql-client mysql-server php5  php5-mysql
Setup Zoneminder configuration

If your installation is successful, you will now need to set up the configuration files and databases for Zoneminder.

  • Copy the configuration file and restart the Apache2 server.
sudo ln -s /etc/zm/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf.d/zoneminder.conf
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 reload
  • View Zoneminder from your web browser:
  • Set up a MySQL database for Zoneminder
If this is the first time you have used MySQL, the default global MySQL superuser root will not have a password. You should set one now. Instructions for setting mySQL initial privileges are here.
In short:
mysql -u root
mysql> UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('your_new_password') WHERE User='root';
mysql> quit
In addition, you can set up an additional global MySQL user (such as mysql_user, for example) by following the instructions here. That way you can reserve root login for emergencies.
In short:
mysql -u root
mysql> CREATE USER 'mysql_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'mysql_user_passwd';
mysql> quit

Now you must create a MySQL database for use by Zoneminder. This is an administrative MySQL command, so you must use one of your global MySQL users (either root or mysql_user, as created in the example above). You can name your Zoneminder database anything you want, instead of zmdatabase.

mysqladmin -u root -p CREATE zmdatabase


mysqladmin -u mysql_user -p CREATE zmdatabase

Create users for the Zoneminder database. As always, I create a root user for emergency use. I use the same password for root as I do elsewhere on my system. Then I also create a user named zm_user (but you could also creat a user named mysql_user, to keep everything consistent). [I use a unique user here because this is a home security system, after all, and I don't want it breached.] These users are specific to this database; they can be the same users as used elsewhere in the system or can be unique users.

TO  'zm_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

TO   'root'@'localhost' 
IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; (I used my usual root password here).
mysql> quit
mysqladmin reload

Note: mysql commands (i.e. any entered at the mysql> prompt) must end with a semicolon. If you forget the semicolon, nothing will happen.

Myth Zoneminder

MythZoneminder allows you to view your security cameras through Myth TV, essentially. It is a plugin that interfaces the two packages Zoneminder (which must be working on your system) and Myth TV (which must also be working.) See the installation instructions.

It can be found in Adept as the mythzoneminder package.

sudo apt-get install mythzoneminder

Productivity Applications

Office Suites

KMyMoney2 (Personal Finance Management)

sudo apt-get install kmymoney2

Open Office

Open Office is installed by Default with Writer (Word equivalent), Presentation (PowerPoint equivalent), Calc spreadsheet (Excel equivalent), and Base relational database (Access equivalent).

Open Word 2007 Documents in Open Office

OpenOffice add ons

Opening .docx files in OpenOffice

First we need to download the converter, it can be found here> [1] Download the "odf-converter-1.0.0-5.i586.rpm"

Now install alien, if you have not yet

 sudo apt-get install alien

Then we need to convert it, we do not want a .deb package for this, so we use the -ct switch not the -k The -ct converts it to a .tgz

 sudo alien -ct odf-converter-1.0.0-5.i586.rpm

Once it is converted you need to unpack it

 tar xvf odf-converter-1.0.0.tgz

Now there should be three dirs on you desktop or where ever you un tared these You now run

 sudo cp usr/lib/ooo-2.0/program/OdfConverter /usr/lib/openoffice/program/
 sudo cp usr/lib/ooo-2.0/share/registry/modules/org/openoffice/TypeDetection/Filter/MOOXFilter_cpp.xcu    /usr/lib/openoffice/share/registry/modules/org/openoffice/TypeDetection/Filter
 sudo cp usr/lib/ooo-2.0/share/registry/modules/org/openoffice/TypeDetection/Types/MOOXTypeDetection.xcu /usr/lib/openoffice/share/registry/modules/org/openoffice/TypeDetection/Types

Then you are done, you can now open and edit .docx files.


Install the KOffice suite by installing the koffice package:

sudo apt-get install koffice


AbiWord is a fast, collaboration-enabled word processor. For the most current version see the AbiWord web site. To install from the repositories:

sudo apt-get install abiword

Mozilla Sunbird

Sunbird is a group calendaring project that interfaces with Thunderbird and Firefox. It is also known as SeaMonkey Calendar.

sudo apt-get install mozilla-calendar

Oracle Calendar Desktop Client

Download Oracle Calendar Desktop Client

wget http://www.k-state.edu/infotech/calendar/oracle-10-clients/DesktopClients/Linux/cal_linux_1011.tar.gz

Extract after the file downloads

tar -xvf cal_linux_1011.tar.gz

CD into the Extracted files

cd OracleCalendar_inst/

Do some magic to prepare the files for Ubuntu

mv cal_linux cal_linux.bak; cat cal_linux.bak | sed "s/export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL/#xport LD_ASSUME_KERNEL/" > cal_linux; rm cal_linux.bak

Change some permissions

chmod +x gui_install.sh cal_linux

Start the GUI installer

sudo sh gui_install.sh

Planner (Project planning & management (like MS-Project))

sudo apt-get install planner

Scribus (Desktop Publishing)

sudo apt-get install scribus


Groupware solutions include shared calendars, group email servers, groups address lists, group projects, and internal messaging. They require (one or more) servers with LAMP or similar server stacks.


Kolab is the most comprehensive open-source groupware solution available, as is made to integrate with KDE/Kubuntu (including Kontact). It is completely open source, unlike other groupware solutions. It is scalable to large organizations and is Outlook (MS-Exchange) and Mozilla compatible.

sudo apt-get install kolabd


Citadel is a turn-key fully open source groupware solution (that is also Kolab compliant) with a structure rooted in bulletin-board systems, and is therefore user friendly. Installation instructions are found at the website.


eGroupware is a robust and stable fully open source groupware solution based on the LAMP stack (the default server stack included with Kubuntu server).

sudo apt-get install egroupware


Open-Xchange is a proprietary groupware solution that has released a "community edition" based on older commercial versions. It is compliant with many different types of clients, including Kontact, Outlook, and Palm PDAs. Installation instructions are at the website.


OpenGroupware is a groupware solution based on the postgreSQL database. There is an enterprise version and a limited open source version, and development appears to have been stagnant in 2008. Installation must be from source, as packages are very outdated. See the website for details.


Zarafa is the leading European MS-Exchange replacement/groupware solution. It is proprietary, but an open-source community edition was released in 2008. Download instructions are available from the website.


Zimbra is a proprietary groupware solution that offers a pseudo-open source "community" edition. The community edition is limited in features. This software does not have an open-source license and is owned by Yahoo.

The latest version is for Hardy Heron 8.04 LTS and can be downloaded as a .tar.gz file from the website.

Zimbra Desktop

Zimbra Desktop is a desktop that collaborates with Zimbra servers. See the Zimbra Desktop FAQ. For more info also see Ubuntugeek's Zimbra Desktop Installation Guide for Hardy 8.04.

Wiki software

Wiki software allows an orgnaization to have a manual that can be edited by a number of collaborators. Wikipedia is the best known example.


MediaWiki is the free, open source server software that Wikipedia uses. It is scalable to very large uses. It runs on the LAMP server stack (which uses the MySQL database), available as an installation option with the (K)ubuntu server, or can be used with a postgreSQL database. Installation instructions are here.


Twiki is an open source wiki engine used by many small to medium size companies internally. It has an active development team with multiple plugins. See the website for installation instructions.


BlueFish Web Development Editor

sudo apt-get install bluefish

Kompozer Web Development Editor

sudo apt-get install kompozer

Quanta Plus (Web IDE)

sudo apt-get install quanta kompare kxsldbg cervisia

Netbeans IDE

sudo apt-get install netbeans5.5

Web Publishing

Drupal Web content publishing

Drupal is the leading open-source website creation and content collaboration tools. A modular approach to website building, from simple out-of-the-box websites to complex sites is possible with a short learning curve. Get more info on how to get started.

Drupal is available as a package from Adept.

sudo apt-get install drupal5

Joomla Web content publishing

Joomla is a powerful open source website creation and content management tool that allows website creation for use in every arena from the simple to complex corporate environments. Info for beginners is a good place to start.

Science & Maths Applications

Science & Maths Applications are the e-Learning programs available under Linux.


Utilities are meant to facilitate every day tasks that are performed such as a front-end to the IP Tables (Firewall), keeping clock up to date, zipping utilities and many more.

Archiving Utilities


BChunk is a command-line utility that allows you to convert .cue and .bin file into .iso so they become useful on Kubuntu and you can open them. Warning: If the bin/cue image has audio tracks, they will be lost.

Get BChunk

sudo apt-get install bchunk

To convert .cue and .bin files navigate to the folder and run this command (replacing filenames with your own ones):

bchunk inputfilename.bin inputfilename.cue outputfilename.iso

After the file is converted into ISO; you can easily mount it using:

sudo mount -o loop outputfilename.iso /media/output

Navigate to /media/output and you should see all the content there, you can copy it to anywhere you want.

To unmount:

sudo umount /media/output

HJSplit Files Joiner/Splitter

HJSplit for Linux (Java version) Make sure you have Java Runtime Environment installed

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre

Download the HJSplit JAR file

wget http://www.freebyte.com/download/hjsplit/hjsplit_g.jar

Create the directory for HJSplit

sudo mkdir /opt/hjsplit

Move the file to an appropriate directory

sudo mv hjsplit_g.jar /opt/hjsplit/ 

Run by:

cd /opt/hjsplit/ && java -jar hjsplit_g.jar 

You can also make a terminal shortcut to the above in K Menu Editor.


sudo apt-get install rar

This application is a 40-day trial.


sudo apt-get install unrar

This application is free for noncommercial use.


sudo apt-get install p7zip-full

The open-source 7-Zip archive format was originally designed for Windows (and, to a lesser extent, DOS) but is also available for Ubuntu. The GNU/Linux version of 7-Zip does not come with a GUI, but Ark can hook into 7-Zip to handle 7z archives.

Firestarter (Firewall)

sudo apt-get install firestarter

NTP (Clock Synchronizer)

sudo apt-get install ntp

KDiskFree (Disk, CD free space and other properties monitor)

KDiskFree is a KDE utility for monitoring free disk space, etc.

sudo apt-get install kdf

However, this has been integrated into KInfoCenter in the newest update of Hardy Heron. Access it:

K menu -> System -> KInfoCenter -> Storage Devices

QTParted (Hard disk partition editor (like Partition Magic))

sudo apt-get install qtparted ntfsprogs

dd (disk backup)

dd is a *nix command that enables the copying of files or an entire disk using a single command. Parameters must be precisely specified to avoid risk of accidentally erasing data. See these brief instructions or these instructions for detailed options. You cannot copy a hard drive that contains the operating system you are currently running. Instead, boot into a LiveCD and run the dd command that way. An example command to copy Hard drive X to Hard drive Y is:

dd if=/dev/hdx of=/dev/hdy
  • ddrescue is a variation of the dd command that allows working with potentially corrupted datasets, partitions, or hard drives.

Run Kubuntu LiveCD from a USB pendrive

The Kubuntu LiveCD can be installed on and run from a USB pendrive. Settings can be "persistently" saved (but the LiveCD kernel modules can not be upgraded). Programs can be installed and run, however, and files saved to the USB drive. (The installed programs will remain installed). See these Pendrivelinux instructions. A Kubuntu Live CD is needed to do the install.

The USB "LiveCD" can also be used to install Kubuntu on computers (including netbooks) that do not have CD-ROM/DVD drives.

USB pendrives to be used to run Kubuntu should have a minimum of 2 Gb (preferably 4 Gb). If you wish to install a fast, fully functional Linux system on a pendrive that has less memory than that, use PuppyLinux.

Create a boot CD to allow booting from the USB drive

Many computers do not allow booting from a USB drive (but they do allow booting from the CD-ROM). You can create a CD-ROM using these Pendrivelinux instructions and set your BIOS to boot from this CD-ROM. When you boot from this CD-ROM, it will use the bootup files on the Kubuntu USB drive you previously created (in the step above).

KNemo (Network interfaces monitor for systray)

sudo apt-get install knemo

Windows Applications

These applications allow you to install and run many of the applications available for Windows on Linux.


Package: wine

sudo apt-get install wine

Also consider installing Microsoft's TrueType fonts. In this case, enter:

sudo apt-get install wine msttcorefonts

Internet Explorer 6

Make sure you have wine and cabextract packages:

sudo apt-get install wine cabextract

Download IEs 4 Linux and install:

wget http://www.tatanka.com.br/ies4linux/downloads/ies4linux-latest.tar.gz
tar zxvf ies4linux-latest.tar.gz
cd ies4linux-*
./ies4linux --no-gui


KDE or the K Desktop Environment, is a network transparent contemporary desktop environment for UNIX workstations. It is supported by the KDE Project team having HQ site on http://www.kde.org


KDE 3 is an extremely mature platform with a wide range of third party applications and distribution support, and may be attractive to some use cases.


KDE 4, the next major incarnation of the KDE desktop, was released on the 11th of January 2008. With completely redesigned frameworks and libraries, KDE 4 is a major step forward from the KDE 3 series. KDE 4 includes the new desktop shell Plasma, built in compositing for desktop effects and many application improvements.

How to install KDE 4.1.1

The updated packages for Kubuntu 8.04 are located in the Kubuntu Member's KDE 4 Personal Package Archive (PPA) repositories. To update to KDE 4.1.1, please follow these instructions:

1) Follow the Kubuntu Repository Guide and add the following to your 'Third-Party Software' tab:

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-members-kde4/ubuntu hardy main

2) You can now update any existing KDE 4 installation to the most recent version using the Adept Updater tool in your system tray.

3) Install the package called kubuntu-kde4-desktop, if you are still running KDE 3 and want to install KDE 4 along your current desktop

sudo apt-get install kubuntu-kde4-desktop

4)Now you should be able to select your new KDE 4 desktop as session in your login manager. In KDM for example: Click the Session Type option and select KDE 4, then proceed with the usual login steps.

Note: kdeplasma-addons contains new Plasma fun.

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