Template:U Quantal/CD DVD
Current revision as of 18:37, 5 July 2014
CDs and DVDs
Brasero (CD/DVD burner)
Brasero is a CD/DVD burning application that is now part of the Gnome desktop (but can be used with any Ubuntu derivative). If not already installed:
sudo apt-get install brasero
Gnomebaker (CD/DVD burner)
Gnomebaker has been the default CD/DVD burning application for the Gnome desktop. If not installed:
sudo apt-get install gnomebaker
K3b (CD/DVD burner)
k3b (KDE Burn Baby Burn) is the default KDE CD and DVD burning utility included in Kubuntu, but can run well in Gnome. (Due to licensing requirements, mp3 capabilities must be installed separately as the libk3b6-extracodecs package). For detailed information see this section. Install:
sudo apt-get install k3b libk3b6-extracodecs
K9copy (DVD Ripper)
K9copy is the free open source DVD backup, copying, compression, and authoring utility that requires libdvdcss. For other info, see this or this guide. You can easily create MPEG-2. MPEG-4, or DVD videos with this utility.
sudo apt-get install k9copy
- See this section for tips on using k9copy with mencoder and NTFS DVDs.
- Tips: At times you may not be able to copy your DVD directly from DVD to DVD. This may because you have a small imperfection in the DVD, or because the DVD was initially created with a non-standard burning method. There are two methods that can help solve this problem:
- Copy the VIDEO_TS and AUDIO_TS folders from your original DVD directly to your hard drive. Then use k9copy (or k3b or Gnomebaker) to burn a DVD directly from these hard drive folders.
- Use k3b (or Gnomebaker) to copy an .iso image from the original DVD to your hard drive. Then use k9copy to extract from the hard drive .iso image and then burn a DVD directly from it.
Handbrake is a GPL-licensed open source tool for converting DVD to MPEG-4 (iPod format) that is an alternative to k9copy. (It can handle many DVDs that k9copy cannot.) Note that Handbrake supports X264/H.264 and MP4 video encoding but no longer supports the XVID video codec. It uses the .MP4/.M4V or .MKV containers, but no longer supports the .AVI container. However, it uses a streaming algorithm that (while slower than other methods) is compatible with a large variety of encryption techniques. (Following "ripping" from a DVD, the resulting .MP4 or .MKV file can be converted to other formats, such as .AVI with XVID, using these suggestions.) Installation is from the developmental PPA archive.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stebbins/handbrake-releases sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install handbrake-gtk handbrake-cli
If you do not intend to use the command-line interface, you can skip handbrake-cli.
- Alternatively, to your package manager you can add the custom repository:
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/stebbins/handbrake-releases/ubuntu oneiric main
then install the package handbrake-gtk (and handbrake-cli if desired).
dvd::rip is a DVD backup/copy program, written in GTK-based perl, that uses the transcode and ffmpeg video/audio processing and conversion tools. See the website for installation and official documentation. For other info, see this dvd::rip tutorial. Install:
sudo apt-get install dvdrip rar
Acidrip is a DVD backup/copy program, written in GTK-based perl, that uses the Mplayer and Mencoder video/audio processing and conversion tools (and therefore yields the best quality DVD rips to an .AVI file with XVID video, for example). See the website for installation and official documentation. Install:
sudo apt-get install acidrip
DVD Fab (DVD Ripper)
DVD Fab is the favoured DVD backup tool for today's DVD encryption methods. It must be run in Wine (since it is a Windows application). It comes as a fully featured 30-day trial, but see these instructions for fine-tuning the trial period.
DVD Playback Capability
To play encrypted DVDs, the libdvdcss2 package is essential. libdvdcss2 is a simple library designed for accessing DVDs like a block device without having to bother about the decryption. More information about this package can be found at VideoLAN.
- Add the VideoLAN repository key:
wget -O - http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/videolan-apt.asc|sudo apt-key add -
- Install the repository and package manually from the command-line:
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /" sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
- Alternatively add the VideoLAN repository using your package manager:
deb http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /
- then install the libdvdcss2 package using the package manager.
- You can install libdvdcss2 as a 64-bit .deb package (without installing VideoLAN repositories):
wget -c http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/libdvdcss2_1.2.13-0_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i libdvdcss2_1.2.13-0_amd64.deb
- or a 32-bit .deb package:
wget -c http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/libdvdcss2_1.2.13-0_i386.deb sudo dpkg -i libdvdcss2_1.2.13-0_i386.deb
- As of September 2013, Medibuntu is no longer maintained. Here are legacy Medibuntu instructions which will work for only a limited period more.
- You can install libdvdcss2 as a 64-bit .deb package (without installing Medibuntu repositories):
wget -c http://packages.medibuntu.org/pool/free/libd/libdvdcss/libdvdcss2_1.2.12-0.0medibuntu1_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i libdvdcss2_1.2.12-0.0medibuntu1_amd64.deb
- or a 32-bit .deb package:
wget -c http://packages.medibuntu.org/pool/free/libd/libdvdcss/libdvdcss2_1.2.12-0.0medibuntu1_i386.deb sudo dpkg -i libdvdcss2_1.2.12-0.0medibuntu1_i386.deb
- You can also install 32 bit or 64 bit Windows multimedia codecs (if you haven't already done so using ubuntu-restricted-extras):
sudo apt-get install w32codecs
sudo apt-get install w64codecs
Many newer DVDs use the UDF filesystem. To play them properly, also install libudf:
sudo apt-get install libudf0
Other tools are useful:
sudo apt-get install udftools libudf-dev