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Nieoficjalny przewodnik po Mandriva Linux 2006

Przewodnik ten jest rozwijany przez Centrum Linuksowe na Uniwersytecie Łotewskim oraz tych wszystkich, którzy wyrażą chęć pomocy.

Przewodnik przygotowują: Mikrobart, orvils, napcok, ...


Contents


Uwagi ogólne

  • Oto nieoficjalny przewodnik po Mandriva Linux 2006. W żaden sposób nie jest on powiązany z firmą Mandriva.
  • Wszystkie porady dotyczą pełnej instalacji Mandriva Linux 2006 z KDE jako jedynym środowiskiem graficznym (mimo to, niektóre aplikacje GNOME są opisane poniżej!).
It is recommended to choose only one Desktop manager to avoid confusion when there are many similar programs that do the same thing.
  • Fragmenty znajdujące się w niebieskawych sekcjach są komendami, które trzeba wykonać w terminalu (K Menu -> System -> Terminale -> Konsole) lub użyć zawartości sekcji zgodnie z instrukcją
Notka: Musisz wykonać te komendy jako root. Przeczytaj #How to switch to root user in Console mode
Po prostu zanim zrobisz cokolwiek musisz wpisać
su
I wprowadzić hasło roota.
  • Musisz także dodać kolejne repozytoria, aby pobierać z nich programy bądź uaktualnienia.
Przeczytaj #Jak dodać kolejne repozytoria
  • Aby uniknąć błedów przy przepisywaniu komend, zalecam kopiowanie ich do terminala (zaznaczenie komendy, prawoklik -> "Kopiuj" lub "Wklej"). Można też użyć skrótów Ctrl+C by skopiować oraz Shift+Insert by wkleić
  • Jeśli nie chcesz pracować w linii poleceń (konsoli) przeczytaj #Jak instalować programy w łatwy sposób (Rpmdrake)
  • "urpmi" oraz "wget" wymagają połączenia z Internetem aby instalować/aktualizować/pobierać programy
  • Jeśli używając "urpmi" zostaniesz poproszony o zainstalowanie dodatkowych programów, odpowiedz Tak ("t")/Yes ("y")
  • Mamy nadzieję że ten przewodnik ci się przyda

Zaczynamy

Co to jest Mandriva?

Gdzie można obejrzeć screenshoty Mandrivy?

Skąd pobrać Mandrivę?

Gdzie uzyskać pomoc?

Two IRC channels dedicated to the Mandriva Linux distribution are available on irc.freenode.net:

     #mandriva -- this channel specializes in general topics for all Mandriva users, particularly newbies.
     #mandrivaguru -- this channel is where experienced users can go for help on more advanced topics

Where to look for new programs

Where to look for style elements for your desktop

Jak dodać kolejne repozytoria?

Zaleca się dodanie przynajmniej main, contrib, plf-free and plf-nonfree.

How to remove Installation CDs from media list

urpmi.removemedia Installation Free CD

Jak zaktualizować Mandrivę?

urpmi.update -a
urpmi --auto-select

Dodatkowe Aplikacje

Jak zainstalować J2SE Runtime Environment (JRE) wraz z wtyczką dla Mozilli Firefox?

wget -c http://www.mandrivaclub.nl/sources/official/2006/i586/j2re-1.5.0.7-1.2006mcnl.i586.rpm
rpm -i j2re-1.5.0.7-1.2006mcnl.i586.rpm
rm -f j2re-1.5.0.7-1.2006mcnl.i586.rpm
urpmi java-1.4.2-gcj-compat
  • Ponownie uruchom przeglądarkę

Jak zainstalować wtyczkę Flash dla Mozilli Firefox?

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Wpisz poniższe polecenia i postępuj zgodnie z instrukcjami pojawiającymi się na ekranie
wget -c http://fpdownload.macromedia.com/get/flashplayer/current/install_flash_player_7_linux.tar.gz
tar zxvf install_flash_player_7_linux.tar.gz
./install_flash_player_7_linux/flashplayer-installer
rm -rf install_flash_player_7_linux
rm -f install_flash_player_7_linux.tar.gz
wget -c http://macromedia.rediris.es/rpm/mandrake/flash-plugin-7.0.63-1.i386.rpm
rpm -Uvh  flash-plugin-7.0.63-1.i386.rpm

Zrestartuj przeglądarkę

Jak zainstalować czytnik PDF (Adobe Reader) wraz z wtyczką dla Mozilli Firefox?

wget -c http://ardownload.adobe.com/pub/adobe/reader/unix/7x/7.0/enu/AdobeReader_enu-7.0.1-1.i386.rpm
rpm -i AdobeReader_enu-7.0.1-1.i386.rpm
rm -f AdobeReader_enu-7.0.1-1.i386.rpm
kwrite /usr/share/applications/AdobeReader.desktop
  • Znajdć tą linię
Categories=Application;Office;Viewer;X-Red-Hat-Base;
  • Zastąp ją poniższą linią
Categories=X-Mandrakelinux-Office-Publishing;
  • K Menu -> Biuro -> Publishing -> Adobe Reader

Jak zainstalować Download Manager (Downloader for X)

urpmi d4x
  • K Menu -> Internet -> File Transfer -> Downloader for X

Jak zainstalować FTP Client (gFTP)

urpmi gftp
  • K Menu -> Internet -> File Transfer -> gFTP

Jak zainstalować P2P BitTorrent Client (Azureus)

wget -c http://www.mandrivaclub.nl/sources/official/10.0/i586/azureus-2.2.0.2-1mcnl.i586.rpm
rpm -i azureus-2.2.0.2-1mcnl.i586.rpm
rm -f azureus-2.2.0.2-1mcnl.i586.rpm
  • K Menu -> Internet -> File Transfer -> Azureus

Jak zainstalować P2P eMule Client (aMule)

urpmi amule
  • Warning will appear, read it. To close it press "q"
  • K Menu -> Internet -> File Transfer -> aMule

Jak zainstalować Messenger (Skype)

wget -c http://download.skype.com/linux/skype_staticQT-1.2.0.18.tar.bz2
tar jxvf skype_staticQT-1.2.0.18.tar.bz2 -C /opt/
ln -s /opt/skype-1.2.0.18/skype /usr/bin/skype
rm -f skype_staticQT-1.2.0.18.tar.bz2
cp /opt/skype-1.2.0.18/icons/skype_32_32.png /usr/share/icons/hicolor/32x32/apps/skype.png
exit
cp /opt/skype-1.2.0.18/skype.desktop ~/Desktop/skype.desktop
  • Look on your Desktop
or
  • K Menu -> Run Command...
  • Enter skype


OR
wget http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-mdk
urpmi skype-1.2.0.21-1mdk.i586.rpm
  • K Menu -> Run Command...
  • Enter skype

Jak zainstalować Multimedia Codecs

wget -c http://easylinux.info/uploads/codecs.tar.gz
tar zxvf codecs.tar.gz
./install.sh

OR

urpmi win32-codecs

If you added plf to your mirrors.

Jak zainstalować DVD playback capability

wget -c http://download.videolan.org/pub/libdvdcss/1.2.9/rpm/libdvdcss2-1.2.9-1.i386.rpm
rpm -i libdvdcss2-1.2.9-1.i386.rpm

OR

urpmi libdvdcss2

If you added plf to your mirrors.

Jak zainstalować Multimedia Player (xine-ui)

urpmi xine-ui
kwrite /usr/share/applications/xine.desktop
  • Insert the following lines into the new file
[Desktop Entry]
Categories=Qt;KDE;Application;AudioVideo;Player;
Encoding=UTF-8
Exec=xine
GenericName=Media Player
Name=Xine
Terminal=false
Type=Application
  • Save file
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Video -> Xine

Jak zainstalować Multimedia Player (MPlayer) with Plug-in for Mozilla Firefox

urpmi mplayer-gui
urpmi mplayer-skins
urpmi mplayer-fonts
urpmi mplayerplugin
  • Restart Mozilla Firefox
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Video -> MPlayer

Jak zainstalować Multimedia Player (RealPlayer)

wget -c ftp://ftp.pbone.net/mirror/ftp.mandrakeusers.com/pub/Commercial-9.1/RealPlayer-8.0-5mdk.i586.rpm
rpm -i RealPlayer-8.0-5mdk.i586.rpm
rm -f RealPlayer-8.0-5mdk.i586.rpm
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Video -> RealPlayer G2

Jak zainstalować Video Editor (Kino)

urpmi kino
urpmi kino-plugins
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Video -> Kino

Jak zainstalować Multimedia Player (XMMS)

urpmi xmms
urpmi xmms-skins
urpmi xmms-esd
urpmi xmms-alsa
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Sound -> Xmms
If Xmms doesn't play, try changing output plugin
  • Preferences (Ctrl + P)
  • Set Output Plugin to 'eSoun Output Plugin'

Jak zainstalować Stream Directory Browser (streamtuner)

urpmi streamtuner
urpmi streamripper
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Sound -> StreamTuner

Jak zainstalować ID3 Tag Editor (EasyTAG)

urpmi easytag
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Sound -> EasyTAG

Jak zainstalować Audio Editor (Audacity)

urpmi audacity

Jak zainstalować Email Client (Mozilla Thunderbird)

urpmi mozilla-thunderbird
  • K Menu -> internet -> Mail -> Mozilla Thunderbird

Jak zainstalować Diagram Editor (Dia)

urpmi dia
  • K Menu -> Office -> Dia

Jak zainstalować Compiled HTML Help (CHM) Viewer (xCHM)

urpmi xchm
  • K Menu -> Office -> Publishing -> Xchm

Jak zainstalować Partition Editor (GParted)

urpmi gparted
  • K Menu -> System -> Configuration -> Hardware -> GParted

Jak zainstalować Firewall (Firestarter)

urpmi firestarter
  • K Menu -> System -> Firestarter

Jak zainstalować RAR Archiver (rar)

urpmi unrar
  • K Menu -> System -> Archiving -> Ark

Jak zainstalować Extra Fonts

urpmi fonts-ttf-arabic
urpmi fonts-ttf-big5
urpmi fonts-ttf-dustismo
urpmi fonts-ttf-freefont
urpmi fonts-ttf-japanese
urpmi fonts-ttf-japanese-extra
urpmi fonts-type1-cyrillic
urpmi fonts-type1-greek
urpmi fonts-hebrew
urpmi cabextract
wget -c ftp://ftp.pbone.net/mirror/seerofsouls.com/mandriva/2006/RPMS/msttcorefonts-bootstrap-0.1-4brs.noarch.rpm
rpm -i msttcorefonts-bootstrap-0.1-4brs.noarch.rpm

Jak zainstalować Desktop Applets (gDesklets)

urpmi gdesklets-clock

Jak zainstalować Basic Compilers

urpmi gcc
urpmi gcc2.96
urpmi gcc3.3

Jak zainstalować Integrated Development Environment (Anjuta)

urpmi anjuta
  • K Menu -> More Applications -> Development -> Development Enviroments -> Anjuta IDE

Jak zainstalować 3D modeling tool (Blender 3d)

urpmi blender
  • K Menu -> Multimedia -> Graphics -> Blender

Jak zainstalować virtual planetarium (Stellarium)

urpmi stellarium

Jak zainstalować KDE Edutainment applications (kdeedu)

urpmi kdeedu
  • K Menu -> More Applications -> Education -> ...

Commercial Applications

Jak zainstalować Windows 9X/ME/2000/XP (Win4Lin)

Jak zainstalować Windows Applications (CrossOver Office)

Jak zainstalować Windows Games (Cedega)

User Administration

How to set/change/enable root user password

passwd root

How to disable the root user account

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Please think twice before doing this: it can get you into serious trouble
  • Preferably use userdrake
sudo passwd -l root

How to switch to root user in Console mode

su
Password: <specify root password>

How to add/edit/delete system users and groups

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Preferably use userdrake
  • K Menu -> System -> Configuration -> Other -> User Administration

OR

useradd <username>
userdel <username>
usermod <username>
groupadd <groupname>
groupdel <groupname>
groupmod <groupname>

How to change files/folders permissions

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Right click on files/folders -> Properties
  • Permissions Tab
  • Set Your Permissions

How to change files/folders ownership

sudo chown system_username /location_of_files_or_folders

How to change files/folders group ownership

sudo chgrp system_groupname /location_of_files_or_folders

Hardware

How to list partition tables

fdisk -l

How to list filesystem disk space usage

df -T
  • You can also use K Menu -> System -> Monitoring -> KDisk

How to list mounted devices

mount

How to list PCI devices

lspci

OR

lspcidrake -vv

How to list USB devices

lsusb

How to speed up CD/DVD-ROM

  • This is assuming that /dev/cdrom is the location of CD/DVD-ROM
hdparm -d1 /dev/cdrom
kwrite /etc/hdparm.conf
  • Insert the following lines in the new file
/dev/cdrom {
    dma = on
}
  • Save the edited file

How to mount/unmount CD/DVD-ROM manually, and show all hidden and associated files/folders

  • These operations may only be necessary in older versions of Mandriva; in the latest versions CD/DVD's are mounted automatically, or it can be done via the menu when right clicking in the file manager (e.g. konqueror).
  • This is assuming that /mnt/cdrom0/ is the location of CD/DVD-ROM
  • To mount CD/DVD-ROM
mount /mnt/cdrom0/ -o unhide
  • To unmount CD/DVD-ROM
umount /mnt/cdrom0/

How to forcefully unmount CD/DVD-ROM manually

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • These operations may only be necessary in older versions of Mandriva; in the latest versions CD/DVD's are mounted automatically, or it can be done via the menu when right clicking in the file manager (e.g. konqueror).
  • This is assuming that /mnt/cdrom0/ is the location of CD/DVD-ROM
umount /mnt/cdrom0/ -l

How to remount /etc/fstab without rebooting

mount -a

How to create Image (ISO) files from CD/DVD

  • This is assuming that /dev/cdrom is the location of CD/DVD-ROM
umount /dev/cdrom
dd if=/dev/cdrom of=file.iso bs=1024

How to create Image (ISO) files from folders

mkisofs -o file.iso /location_of_folder/

How to mount/unmount Image (ISO) files without burning

mkdir /home/uid/iso
modprobe loop
mount file.iso /home/uid/iso/ -t iso9660 -o loop
  • To unmount Image (ISO) file
umount home/uid/iso/

How to create an emergency boot disk

How to make a bootable CDRom - as an alternative to, or in addition to a bootable floppy disk.

As it is sometimes difficult to fit a modern kernel on a floppy, and because more and more machines do not have a floppy drive at all, it is usually a good idea to have a bootable CDRom if for any reason your machine does not seem to be able to complete the boot process by itself. The following describes the steps to make a bootable CDRom containing the kernel that is running at this time.

It should be borne in mind that when actually using the Boot CD in case of need, some operations require the presence on the system of files relative to the kernel that is on the CD. In other words, the best possible boot CD is one for a kernel that is actually installed on the system. When upgrading or adding another kernel to your system, it is advisable to make a new boot CD. When you are already satisfied that the newest kernel does everything it should with your hardware, you can use a CDRW and burn the bootable CD over an older kernel. If not, a separate disk is advisable.

Steps to take:

Start any console or terminal.

Give the commands shown:

su # to become root; enter root password when prompted 
cd /tmp # some temporary files will be created here 

Insert a blank, writable CDRom or a fresh, unformatted CDRW. In my experience it is best to check that the disk has not been automounted or 'supermounted':

umount /mnt/cdrom0 # change 'cdrom0' as needed ¹) 

(Skip for cdrom): Blank any CDRW with the following command (or with your preferred burnware):

cdrecord blank=fast dev=/dev/hdc 

in which '/dev/hdc' is the mount point of the CDwriter, change as needed ¹)

Create the ISO file or 'image' from the currently running kernel, that will be needed to burn to disk later
mkrescue --iso
Or: create an ISO file from any kernel on your system, other than the one currently running
mkrescue --image LABEL --iso

in which you must replace 'LABEL' with the label name as it appears in your /etc/lilo.conf . For example if your lilo.conf contains the line: label="linux-2.6.10-1.mm.18" in the paragraph describing the kernel that you want to make a bootable cd from, you should use the command:

mkrescue --image linux-2.6.10-1.mm.18 --iso

Burn the image to disk:

cdrecord speed=16 -eject dev=/dev/hdc rescue.iso

in which /dev/hdc is an example; change to same as above ¹); 'speed' may be changed to a proper number for your burner and -eject is not necessary, but I believe a burned disk can better cool off outside than inside the box :)

Remove the temporary files from your hard drive (not needed if your system is set to remove temp files).

rm rescue.iso
rm mkrescue-flp/boot.bin
rd mkrescue-flp
exit # to return to being user.

¹) Usually the easiest way to remind yourself which is which is to insert a finished CD in the drive and give the command: "df" and/or "grep cd /etc/fstab"

Networking

How to configure network connections

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • K Menu -> System -> Configuration -> Configure Your Computer
  • Network & Internet
  • Reconfigure a network interface

How to change the computer name

hostname your_desired_computer_name

OR

  • Menu > System > Configuration > Configure your computer > Network & Internet > Manage hosts definitions

OR

drakhosts

How to browse network computers

  • This is assuming that the network connections have been configured properly
  • If computers or network folders could not be found, try access them directly
  • K Menu -> Home
  • At the Location bar replace /home/your_user_name with lan:/

How to access network folders without mounting

This is assuming that the network connections have been configured properly
Network computer's IP: 192.168.0.1
Shared folder's name: linux
  • K Menu -> Run Command...
  • Run Application
smb://192.168.0.1/linux

How to mount/unmount network folders manually, and allow all users to read

This is assuming that the network connections have been configured properly
Network computer's IP: 192.168.0.1
Network computer's Username: myusername
Network computer's Password: mypassword
Shared folder's name: linux
Local mount folder: /home/uid/sharename
  • To mount network folder
mkdir /home/uid/sharename
mount //192.168.0.1/linux /home/uid/sharename/ -o username=myusername,password=mypassword
  • To unmount network folder
umount /home/uid/sharename/

How to mount/unmount network folders manually, and allow all users to read/write

This is assuming that the network connections have been configured properly
Network computer's IP: 192.168.0.1
Network computer's Username: myusername
Network computer's Password: mypassword
Shared folder's name: linux
Local mount folder: /home/uid/sharename
  • To mount network folder
mkdir /home/uid/sharename
mount //192.168.0.1/linux /home/uid/sharename/ -o username=myusername,password=mypassword,dmask=777,fmask=777
  • To unmount network folder
umount /home/uid/sharename/

How to mount network folders on boot-up, and allow all users to read

This is assuming that network connections have been configured properly
Network computer's IP: 192.168.0.1
Network computer's Username: myusername
Network computer's Password: mypassword
Shared folder's name: linux
Local mount folder: /home/uid/sharename
mkdir /home/uid/sharename
kwrite /root/.smbcredentials
  • Insert the following lines into the new file
username=myusername
password=mypassword 
  • Save the edited file
chmod 700 /root/.smbcredentials
cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab_backup
kwrite /etc/fstab
  • Append the following line at the end of file
//192.168.0.1/linux    /home/uid/sharename smbfs  credentials=/root/.smbcredentials    0    0

How to mount network folders on boot-up, and allow all users to read/write

This is assuming that the network connections have been configured properly
Network computer's IP: 192.168.0.1
Network computer's Username: myusername
Network computer's Password: mypassword
Shared folder's name: linux
Local mount folder: /home/uid/sharename
mkdir /home/uid/sharename
kwrite /root/.smbcredentials
  • Insert the following lines into the new file
username=myusername
password=mypassword
  • Save the edited file
chmod 700 /root/.smbcredentials
cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab_backup
kwrite /etc/fstab
  • Append the following line at the end of file
//192.168.0.1/linux    /home/uid/sharename smbfs  credentials=/root/.smbcredentials,dmask=777,fmask=777  0    0

How to connect to Google Talk

Windows

How to mount/unmount Windows partitions (NTFS) manually, and allow all users to read only

This is assuming that /dev/hda1 is the location of Windows partition (NTFS)
Local mount folder: /mnt/win_c
  • To mount Windows partition (skip first line if already in /etc/fstab):
mkdir /mnt/win_c
mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/win-c/ -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222
  • To unmount Windows partition
umount /mnt/win_c/

How to mount/unmount Windows partitions (FAT) manually, and allow all users to read/write

This is assuming that /dev/hda1 is the location of Windows partition (FAT)
Local mount folder: /mnt/win_c
  • To mount Windows partition (skip first line if already in fstab):
mkdir /mnt/win_c
mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/win_c/ -t vfat -o iocharset=utf8,umask=000
  • To unmount Windows partition
umount /mnt/win_c/

How to mount Windows partitions (NTFS) on boot-up, and allow all users to read only

This is assuming that /dev/hda1 is the location of Windows partition (NTFS), and also that /mnt/win_c isn't in /etc/fstab yet
Local mount folder: /mnt/win_c
mkdir /mnt/win_c
cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab_backup
kwrite /etc/fstab
  • Append the following line at the end of file
/dev/hda1    /mnt/win_c ntfs  nls=utf8,umask=0222 0    0

How to mount Windows partitions (FAT) on boot-up, and allow all users to read/write

This is assuming that /dev/hda1 is the location of Windows partition (FAT) and also assuming that /mnt/win_c isn't in /etc/fstab yet
Local mount folder: /mnt/win_c
mkdir /mnt/win_c
cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab_backup
kwrite /etc/fstab
  • Append the following line at the end of file
/dev/hda1    /mnt/win_c vfat  iocharset=utf8,umask=000  0    0

Tips & Tricks

How to restart KDE without rebooting computer

Press 'Ctrl + Alt + Backspace'

How to switch to Console mode in KDE?

Press 'Ctrl + Alt + F1' (F2 - F6)
  • To switch between consoles in Console mode
Press 'Alt + F1' (F2 - F6)
  • To switch back to KDE mode
Press 'Alt + F7'

How to disable Ctrl+Alt+Backspace from restarting X in KDE

cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf_backup
kwrite /etc/X11/xorg.conf
  • Append the following lines at the end of file
Section "ServerFlags"
	Option		"DontZap"		"yes"
EndSection

How to change default file type "Open with" program

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Right click on file -> Properties
  • Click the little monkeywrench button near Type:
  • Move the default "Open With" application to top
If your application is not in the list click Add...

How to load Web site faster in Mozilla Firefox

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Applications -> Internet -> Firefox Web Browser
  • Mozilla Firefox
Address Bar -> about:config
Filter: ->
network.dns.disableIPv6 -> true
network.http.pipelining -> true
network.http.pipelining.maxrequests -> 8
network.http.proxy.pipelining -> true
  • Restart Mozilla Firefox

How to disable beep sound for link find function in Mozilla Firefox

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Applications -> Internet -> Firefox Web Browser
  • Mozilla Firefox
Address Bar -> about:config
Filter: -> accessibility.typeaheadfind.enablesound -> false
  • Restart Mozilla Firefox

Jak zainstalować/uninstall .rpm files

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Preferably use Menu > System > Configuration > Configure Your Computer > Software Management
  • To install .rpm file
urpmi package_file.rpm
  • To uninstall .rpm file
urpme package_name

How to set System wide Environment Variables

cp /etc/bashrc /etc/bashrc_backup
kwrite  /etc/bashrc
  • Append the System-wide Environment Variables at the end of file
  • Save the edited file

How to set user only environment variables

  • Przeczytaj #Uwagi ogólne
  • Contrary to most other commands, this should be done as the user him/herself, not as root
cp /home/userid/.bash_profile /home/userid/.bash_profile_backup
kwrite  ~/bash_profile
  • Add the user environment variable(s), for example, to add the directory /home/userid/bin to your path:
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

and to make the variable really work, add also the line:

export PATH
  • Save the edited file

How to save "man" outputs into files

man command | col -b > file.txt

How to temporarily skip boot-up services

Press 'Ctrl + C'

How to scroll up and down to view previous outputs in Console mode

Press 'Shift + Page Up'
  • To scroll down to view previous output
Press 'Shift + Page Down'

AntiVirus Server

Jak zainstalować ClamAV AntiVirus Server

urpmi clamav

How to manually update virus databases

freshclam

How to manually scan files/folders for viruses

clamscan -r /location_of_files_or_folders

How to automatically scan files/folders for viruses

e.g. Automatically scan files/folders for viruses at midnight everyday
* * * * * means minute hour date month year
export EDITOR=kwrite &&  crontab -e
  • Append the following line at the end of file
00 00 * * *  clamscan -r /location_of_files_or_folders
  • Save the edited file

SSH Server

Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service

urpmi openssh

How to SSH into remote Mandriva machine

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
Remote Mandriva machine: 192.168.0.1
ssh username@192.168.0.1

How to copy files/folders from remote Mandriva machine into local machine (scp)

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
Remote Mandriva machine: 192.168.0.1
Remote files/folders location: /home/username/remotefile.txt
Local machine save location: . (current directory)
scp -r username@192.168.0.1:/home/username/remotefile.txt .

How to copy files/folders from local machine into remote Mandriva machine (scp)

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
Local files/folders location: localfile.txt
Remote Mandriva machine: 192.168.0.1
Remote Mandriva machine save location: /home/username/
scp -r localfile.txt username@192.168.0.1:/home/username/

How to copy files/folders from remote Mandriva machine into local machine (rsync)

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
Remote Mandriva machine: 192.168.0.1
Remote files/folders location: /home/username/remotefile.txt
Local machine save location: . (current directory)
rsync -v -u -a --delete --rsh=ssh --stats username@192.168.0.1:/home/username/remotefile.txt .

How to copy files/folders from local machine into remote Mandriva machine (rsync)

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
Local files/folders location: localfile.txt
Remote Mandriva machine: 192.168.0.1
Remote Mandriva machine save location: /home/username/
rsync -v -u -a --delete --rsh=ssh --stats localfile.txt username@192.168.0.1:/home/username/

How to SSH into remote Mandriva machine via Windows machine

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
  • Download PuTTY: Here

How to copy files/folders from/into remote Mandriva machine via Windows machine

This is assuming that the remote Mandriva machine has installed the SSH Server service
Read #Jak zainstalować SSH Server for remote administration service
  • Download WinSCP: Here
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